First judgment of the ECHR: Lawless v. Ireland
The judgment concerned preliminary objections and procedural
questions regarding the application, on which a judgment on the merits was
delivered the following year.
Since its inauguration the Court has delivered 23,291
judgments on just over 51,650 applications.
was filed by Gerard Richard Lawless, who had been an IRA member,
although he claimed to have left the IRA. He was arrested on 11 July 1957, as
he was about to travel to Great Britain from Ireland, and
subsequently detained under the special powers of indefinite detention without
trial under the Offences against the State (Amendment) Act 1940. The case was
filed by Lawless for violation, by the Irish Government, of Articles 5, 6 and 7
of the European Convention of Human Rights, providing rights to liberty and
security, fair trial and the principle of 'no punishment without law'.
government's case was presented by the then Attorney General of Ireland, Aindrias
Ó Caoimh, while Lawless was represented by Seán MacBride. (source: ECHR / wikipedia)